ILO Convention 169: The rights of Indegenous Peoples

The ILO Convention 169 is a legally binding international instrument which deals specifically with the rights of indigenous and tribal peoples. It was adopted on June 27, 1989 and entered into force in 1991. As of January 2012, it has been ratified by 22 state parties.

This norm dates back to the UN Declaration of Human Rights and the Civil and Social Covenant which highlight the prohibition of discrimination and the righte to life, liberty, freedom of culture, religion, and language.