BHP Billiton: Mozal Aluminium Smelter

In Mozambique, BHP Billiton operates the Mozal Aluminum smelter. It started its  operations in August 2000, before approval of the company’s Environmental Impact Assessment Report (EIAR) and Environmental Management Plan was given.
Since its operations began, it has violated several Mozambican and International laws and regulations, mainly regarding labour, environment, and human rights. 1,200 families were displaced from their farming or residential land without prior consultation from the Government or Mozal. Mozal does not respect labour rights and prevents the
formation of unions. Workers were forced to work for 12 hours per day, breaking the Laws of the Ministry of Labour which appropriates 8 hours. The environmental impact audit  reported a lack of compliance with environmental responsibilities and standards set by the company’s environmental management plan and the country’s legislation.
Soil and water contamination, air pollution, deforestation, forced removals of local communities, and an unsafe living environment are some of the problems that have arisen as a result of the project.[1]

[1] Research undertaken by Samuel Mondlane – Justica Ambiental
Mozambique, 2011 to 2012