Jindal Steel & Power: Human Rights and Environmental Violations in Mozambique

In the Tete province of northwestern Mozambique, Jindal Mozambique Minerals operates the Chirodzi Coal Project. Jindal is one of only three companies with mining rights in the coal-rich Moatize region located in the Tete Province. Since its arrival in the country, Jindal has been responsible for violating community rights, damaging the environment through open-pit mining, and abusing Mozambican workers.[2]

Over 2,500 people still reside near the Chirodzi Coal Project’s open-pit mine. Despite the company’s promise to resettle communities before mining commenced, resettlement has not taken place.[3] The communities did not receive any form of compensation or substitute land for their sacrifices. Jindal continues to extract coal from land that is vital to the survival of residents and their families. The food insecurity that has resulted from Jindal’s operations makes people vulnerable to poverty and hunger.[4] Jindal uses dynamite to facilitate coal extraction at the site, resulting in coal dust clouds that severely impact the health of those living within a kilometer of the mine.[5]

The company has fenced in the area and hired a private security force to restrict community members from coming within the mine’s vicinity. There are several reports of security guards violently assaulting community members that pass through the gates on their way to their houses.[6]

Since early 2013, Jindal has been mining without an approved Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA), which is in direct violation of Mozambican Environmental Law.[7] Nevertheless, Mozambique’s president, Armando Guebuza, inaugurated the mining project days after a large protest where community members physically attacked Jindal officials.[8]

[1] Rahul Tripathi (2013): “Naveen Jindal firms bribed MoS to get coal blocks. CBI”, The Indian Express, 12 June (accessed 10.09.2013).

[2] Verdade (2012): Indianos violam Lei do Trabalho em Tete Terça, 20 November (accessed 10.09.2013).

[3] AFP (2013): Jindal latest to be caught in Mozambique land woes, 3 September (accessed 10.09.2013).

[4] Jinty Jackson (2013): “Mozambique Villagers Exposed to Open-Pit Coal Mine”, Voice of America News, 27 August (accessed 10.09.2013).

[5] VOA (2013): Moçambique. Corrida ao carvão cria problemas de direitos humanos, 17 August (accessed 10.09.2013)

[6] Violence Against Community Members (2013, Tete Province, Mozambique) witnessed by JA! staff member Samuel Mondlane, Humberto Ossemane of KEPA, and Rui Vasconcelos of AAAJA.

[7] Mozambique (2004): Decree No. 45/2004 approving the Regulation on the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) (accessed 11.09.2013).

[8] Justiça Ambiental (2013): A government without shame, a people without hope, 27 August (accessed 11.09.2013).