Coal India plans to raise its domestic production from 435 in 2011 to 615 mtpa in 20171. The company has already been awarded concessions for over 200,000 hectares, including 55,000 hectares of valuable forest land2. The majority of CIL’s mines are open pit coal mines, and to increase its extraction CIL would have to either invest in deeper mining technology or seek expansion to new coal reserves. 57% of CIL’s reserves are in heavily forested areas3, including areas with endangered species2. As a result, there is growing opposition from tribal communities and environmental groups to this encroachment.