In September 2011, Coal India was found to be running two thirds of its mines without environment permits1. In May 2012, the State Pollution Control Board served closure notices on 43 mines operated by CIL´s subsidiary, Bharat Coking Coal. Also in the same month, Coal India’s subsidiary Mahanandi Coalfields was fined approx. €186 million for illegal coal extraction2.
- The Economic Times (2011): Coal India operating 239 mines without environmental clearance; 9 September (accessed 27.10.2014) [↩]
- Greenpeace (2013): High risk, low return (accessed 27.10.2014) [↩]