Utilities and Energy Production (power generation)

The production and provision of energy globally is associated, depending on the means of production, with environmental damage and possible human rights violations.

The impact on human rights and environment will vary with means of production, for example coal power generation is considered to be the most damaging power production type in the world – both for human health and for the environment.  However renewable energy production can also significantly impact the environment and human rights , for example when considering the impact of hydroelectric dams. These can result in the destruction of ecosystems and the destruction of people’s livelihoods and homes through insensitive relocation programmes. International Rivers gives a good overview of the environmental and human rights impacts of large dam projects.

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