Due to its disproportionately large land footprint, the impacts of large-scale bioenergy on communities are particularly grave.The inherently large land footprint of bioenergy makes it a prime driver and justification for land-grabbing and for the abuse of communities’ rights to land, food and water worldwide, and especially in the global South. Land-grabs are often associated with water-grabs, where river diversion and over-extraction of freshwater to irrigate monoculture plantations further undermines food sovereignty.1

The competition for land caused by a growing demand for biofuels has been one of the major causes of food price volatility and food price spikes in recent years.1

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