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The UN-Millennium-goals: interim results

| Bild: n.v.

Last week in New York, the UN General-Assembly discussed the organisation and implementation of the development policy after 2015. In 2015, the current Millennium-agenda will expire.1

In 2000, the General Assembly reached an agreement, including eight goals for the development work, which are supposed to be accomplished in 2015. 1990 was chosen as a base year. As a result, on the one hand, the development countries were obligated to use their development aid to fulfil the goals in the best way. On the other hand, industrial countries should support the integration of the development countries into the global economy.2 The goals range from the reduction of poverty to ecological sustainability – all in all including eight different goals.

The interim results after 13 years are deflating. Based on numbers of the World Bank, just a part of the agenda will be accomplished until 2015.3 Fortunately, one of the most important goals has already been already fulfilled in 2012: the number of people living in poverty was halved. However, this number depends on a global investigation and is deceiving because in different regions the numbers are strongly varying in value: in Asia the progress has been exemplary whereas in Africa the Sub-Saharan countries have made just little progress.

Furthermore the gender equality is improving. But just little progress will be made in the reduction of infant and maternal mortality. And until 2015 not every child is going to have access to a primary education.2

Thus, the preliminary result is negative and this situation needs to be discussed. The donor countries appeal to the self-responsibility of the development countries. Those in turn, call attention to the historically conditioned inequality and remind the industrial countries to use their economic hegemony for support.3Until now, not all development aid has been paid by the industrial countries. Attention should be put on the governments of non-democratic development countries and their way of dealing with the development funds. Some of these local incumbents prefer to enrich themselves with the donated money instead of investing into public goods like the healthcare or the educational system. Although donor countries are know about this procedure, they don’t interrupt the cash flow because generally, the population in industrial countries are strongly in favour of development aid.

Last week, the General Assembly decided to intensify their efforts for the next two years, to accomplish as many Millennium-goals as possible until 2015. Especially, the focus has to be put on the fight against poverty and severe diseases, the reduction of infant mortality and the reinforcement of environmental sustainability. Moreover, the Assembly decided to pursue the Millennium-development goals also after 2015. In autumn 2014, the Assembly will open negotiations about the execution of the future development policy.4 The post-2015 agenda should focus on sustainability and connect the three areas:  ecology, social work and economy. The General Secretary Ban Ki-moon challenged all involved parties, to strengthen their efforts and to keep their promises. Particularly, the industrial nations were advised to hold their word.

  1. EPO: UN soll Menschenrecht auf Gesundheit verwirklichen – abgerufen 30.09.2013 []
  2. UN-Kampagne – abgerufen 30.09.2013 [] []
  3. Heute: Millenniumsziele – abgerufen 30.09.2013 [] []
  4. RTL: Kampf gegen Armut und Hunger – abgerufen 30.09.2013 []