The manmade fibre viscose, first produced in the early 20th century, is predominantly used in the clothing industry.. It is particularly popular for light and colourful summer clothing as the fabric can easily be coloured and printed. A study by the Changing Markets Foundation shows that the production of viscose severely damages the environment. The use of highly toxic chemicals like carbon disulphide, hydrogen sulphide and sodium hydroxide does not only expose workers and local residents to serious health risks but also leads to severe air and water pollution. ... →
Producers of outdoor clothing are often seen as role models for sustainable and environmentally conscious production and take a leading role in terms of working and production conditions and the avoidance of harmful chemicals. Now, however, a study by Greenpeace shows that far-reaching improvements are necessary in this industry.
Greenpeace tested 40 products from famous brands such as North Face, Mammut or Haglöfs on per- and polyfluorinated chemicals (PFCs). ... →
Since its WTO accession in 2001, China’s foreign investments have increased, and with this its integration into the global economy, this trend is also called the ‘Going Global’ Strategy. Chinas total non-current assets is estimated at about $4.6 trillion. This makes China a powerful player in the financial world, ahead of the USA and Japan.
The chinese central bank, with a sum of $3.9 trillion is the worlds largest public investor. ... →
The role of Colombia as a worldwide exporter of coal has grown significantly over the past 15 years. After Russia and the United States, Colombia is the third most important coal supplier and is also of immense importance to Germany. The growing coal consumption and shrinking production in Germany over the last decade has led to the fact that coal imports have doubled from Colombia (more than eight million tons). ... →
According to a recent SRF (Swiss Radio and Television) Rundschau report, extremely high sulfur dioxide emissions from Glencore Xstrata’s Mufulira copper mine site are endangering the health and lives of local residents in the Zambian town of Mufulira. Contamination levels between .5 and 5km from the mine measured up to 30X higher than World Health Organization (WHO) accepted levels. ... →
Environmental pollution in China
In a report, published on August 31, 2011, five Chinese NGOs claim that Apple is using suppliers with public records of environmental pollution, profiting from the loopholes in developing and threshold countries’ environmental management systems. Amongst others, the company’s suppliers apparently contaminated the environment with heavy metals.
One example named in the report is Foxconn, which is located in the Northern Province Shanxi, where locals need to have their windows closed due to the exhaust gases. ... →