Vale S.A. : Contestation over unpaid royalties

Tax Avoidance in Brazil

In a dispute over unpaid royalties, Vale S.A. and the Brazilian authorities finally reached an agreement. Vale, the world´s largest iron-ore producer and the second biggest nickel-producer, had to pay around 4 billion Brazilian reais (approximately 2,22 billion $). This request of the Brazilian authorities initially concerned royalties for the period from 1996 to 2002 and was related to profits of Vale´s non-Brazilian subsidiaries and affiliates.   ... →