Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer

The Vienna Convention was adopted in 1985 and entered into force on 22 Sep 1988. In 2009, the Vienna Convention became the first Convention of any kind to achieve universal ratification.

Under the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer parties to the Vienna Convention agreed on concrete actions.

Goals: To promote cooperation by means of systematic observations, research and information exchange on the effects of human activities on the ozone layer and to adopt legislative or administrative measures against activities likely to have adverse effects on the ozone layer.

Relevant clauses:

Article 2: General Obligations1

The Parties shall take appropriate measures in accordance with the provisions of this Convention and of those protocols in force to which they are party to protect human health and the environment against adverse effects resulting or likely to result from human activities which modify or are likely to modify the ozone layer.


  1. http://ozone.unep.org/new_site/en/Treaties/treaties_decisions-hb.php?art_id=3 []

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