The Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women formally established women’s rights in the context of an international treaty. The convention also outlines strategies for addressing and attaining equality between men and women. The convention entered into force on September 3rd 1981.
Goal: To eliminate discrimination against women, improve the status and position of women, and achieve equality between women and men.
States Parties shall take all appropriate measures:
a) To modify the social and cultural patterns of conduct of men and women, with a view to achieving the elimination of prejudices and customary and all other practices which are based on the idea of the inferiority or the superiority of either of the sexes or on stereotyped roles for men and women;
States Parties shall take all appropriate measures to eliminate discrimination against women in the political and public life of the country and, in particular, shall ensure to women, on equal terms with men, the right:
a) To vote in all elections and public referenda and to be eligible for election to all publicly elected bodies;
b) To participate in the formulation of government policy […] implementation thereof and to hold public office and perform all public functions at all levels […]
c) To participate in non-governmental organizations and associations […]
1. States Parties shall take all appropriate measures to eliminate discrimination against women in the field of employment in order to ensure, on a basis of equality of men and women, the same rights,
[i]United Nations General Assembly. (1981, September 3). Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women. Retrieved from United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women: http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/cedaw/text/econvention.htm#intro