American Convention on Human Rights (Pact of San José)

The American Convention on Human Rights (aka the Pact of San José) is a multilateral treaty that establishes democratic institutions regarding fundamental human rights for countries in the Western Hemisphere. The treaty entered into force on July 18, 1978.

Goal: To establish international regulations outlining  the roles of states in protecting human rights.  

Relevant Clauses:[i]

Part I: State Obligations and Rights Protected

Chapter II: Civil and Political Rights

Article 4: Right to Life

1. Every person has the right to have his life respected. This right shall be protected by law and, in general, from the moment of conception. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his life.

4. In no case shall capital punishment be inflicted for political offenses or related common crimes.

 Article 5. Right to Humane Treatment

1. Every person has the right to have his physical, mental, and moral integrity respected.

2. No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman, or degrading punishment or treatment. […]  

Article 6. Freedom from Slavery

1. No one shall be subject to slavery or to involuntary servitude […]  

2. No one shall be required to perform forced or compulsory labor. […]

Article 7. Right to Personal Liberty

1.       Every person has the right to personal liberty and security.

Article 12. Freedom of Conscience and Religion

1.       Everyone has the right to freedom of conscience and of religion […]

Article 13. Freedom of Thought and Expression

1.       Everyone has the right to freedom of thought and expression. […]

Article 15. Right of Assembly

The right of peaceful assembly, without arms, is recognized […]

Article 16. Freedom of Association

1.       Everyone has the right to associate freely for ideological, religious, political, economic, labor, social, cultural, sports, or other purposes.

Article 21. Right to Property

1. Everyone has the right to the use and enjoyment of his property. […]

2. No one shall be deprived of his property except upon payment of just compensation […]

3. Usury and any other form of exploitation of man by man shall be prohibited by law.

Article 24. Right to Equal Protection

All persons are equal before the law.

 


[i]Organization of American States. (1969, November 22). AMERICAN CONVENTION ON HUMAN RIGHTS “PACT OF SAN JOSE, COSTA RICA”. Retrieved August 27, 2013, from Department of International Law, Organization of American States, Washington, D.C.: http://www.oas.org/dil/treaties_B-32_American_Convention_on_Human_Rights.htm

 

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