African (Banjul) Charter on Human and People’s Rights

The African Charter on Human and People’s Rights is the African counterpart to similar regionally based international human rights agreements. It establishes fundamental human rights standards for African nations.

                               

Goal: To create an African system governing human rights.

 

Relevant Clauses: [i]

 

Article 3

 

1.      Every individual shall be equal before the law.

2.      Every individual shall be entitled to equal protection of the law.

 

Article 5

 

[…] All forms of exploitation and degradation of man particularly slavery, slave trade, torture, cruel, inhuman or degrading punishment and treatment shall be prohibited.

 

Article 6

 

Every individual shall have the right to liberty and to the security of his person. […] no one may be arbitrarily arrested or detained.

 

Article 9

 

1.      Every individual shall have the right to receive information.

2.      Every individual shall have the right to express and disseminate his opinions within the law.

 

Article 14

 

The right to property shall be guaranteed. […]

 

Article 15

 

Every individual shall have the right to work under equitable and satisfactory conditions, and shall receive equal pay for equal work.

 

Article 16

 

1.      Every individual shall have the right to enjoy the best attainable state of physical and mental health.

2.      States […] shall take the necessary measures to protect the health of their people and to ensure that they receive medical attention when they are sick.

 



[i]Organization of African Unity . (1981, June 27). AFRICAN (BANJUL) CHARTER ON HUMAN AND PEOPLES’ RIGHTS. Retrieved from African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights: http://www.achpr.org/files/instruments/achpr/banjul_charter.pdf

 

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