In 2001, Vedanta bought the state owned Balco aluminium refinery, smelter, and bauxite mines in Korba, India. Eight years later, the worst Indian industrial accident of recent times occurred in this factory. On September 24th, 2009, a 245-meter chimney toppled to the ground killing at least 41 workers. An investigation report carried out by the National Institute of Technology concluded that “careless, poor construction practices, […] poor workmanship […] and insufficient cement content in the concrete mix were likely causal factors”. A final judicial inquiry into the disaster has already postponed release of its findings three times.
According to J.N. Chandra, the deputy director of prosecutions in Korba, “there are too many
powerful people who want nothing to be done”. 
 London Mining Network (2012): UK-listed Mining Companies and the case for stricter oversight; Amnesty International (2012): Vedanta’s perspective uncovered. Policies cannot mask practices in Orissa.