For 40 years, Comuf, an AREVA subsidiary, mined uranium in Mounana, southern Gabon. Scores of former Gabonese and French miners have consequently died.  Nearby residents have also suffered from life-threatening illnesses. Though operations at the Mounana mine were halted in 1999, a study commissioned by the European Parliament in 2010 acknowledged that “past mining activities continue to pose health risks to the local population and environment.” AREVA, amidst pressure from civil society to remedy the enduring public health hazards, launched a health and compensation initiative in 2010. However, the program failed to meet the needs of the local population, prompting NGOs to terminate their cooperation with AREVA saying, “[…] AREVA management had reduced the implementation of agreements to a publicity campaign.” Criticisms included: compensations given only to families of French workers, overlooking local miners, and AREVA’s inadequate cleanup procedures at the site. Local residents continue to be exposed to toxic levels of radiation. Despite its unfinished business, AREVA has launched exploration campaigns in Gabon to renew its uranium mining operations in the country. 
 Res Gehriger (2004): “Gabon. Unregulated Mining Endangers Lives”, WISE/NIRS Nuclear Monitor, 616 (accessed 02.10.2013); France 24 English (2011): Gabon: The impact of AREVA’s uranium mining, video (accessed 02.10.2013).
 European Parliament (2010): “Potential use of radioactively contaminated mining materials in the construction of residential homes from open pit uranium mines in Gabon and Niger”, Directorate B Policy Department Study (accessed 02.10.2013).
 Khephren Fanga (2012): “Sherpa withdraws from AREVA Talks”, Gabonews, 19 December (accessed 02.10.2013).
 Grégoire Allix (2012): “AREVA accusée de négliger l’impact de ses mines d’uranium en Afrique”, Le Monde, 18 December (accessed 02.10.2013).
 AREVA (n.d.): AREVA Gabon. Discovering new deposits (accessed 02.10.2013).