AREVA is the second largest uranium producer in the world (16% market share in 2011). The company has a multitude of uranium mining operations across the globe in countries like Niger, Canada, Australia, and Kazakhstan. Nevertheless, the company extracts approximately one-third of their uranium from just two mines in Niger, one of Africa’s poorest countries, despite its long-standing status as the world’s third largest uranium producer. AREVA plans to open a third uranium mine – Africa’s largest – in Niger in 2015. 
The long-term consequences of uranium mining are apparent in Niger. Uranium mining has been prevalent in Niger for over 40 years. According to a 2010 Greenpeace report, water, air, and soil contamination levels in the mining towns of Arlit and Akokan exceed international limits. Furthermore, AREVA’s practice of dumping sludge produced through its operations haphazardly into large piles allows radioactive dust and radon gas to seep into the open air.
In May 2012, a French court ruled that AREVA made an “inexcusable mistake” when a former employee died from lung cancer after regularly inhaling uranium dust without adequate protective gear during his seven years working at a Cominak (AREVA subsidiary) mine in Akokan, Niger. The court ordered AREVA to pay €200,000 in damages to the employee’s family.
 AREVA (2013): Our worldwide presence (accessed 01.10.2013)
 NIAMEY. (2013, October 05). Audit of Areva mines in Niger to conclude this month: ambassador. Retrieved October 30, 2013, from Reuters.
 AREVA (2013): Update on AREVA’s activities in Niger, 11 March (accessed 02.10.2013).
 Greenpeace. (2010). Left in the dust: AREVA’s radioactive legacy in the desert towns of Niger. Retrieved October 29, 2013.
 Le Monde (2012): AREVA condamné après la mort par cancer d’un ex-salarié d’une mine d’uranium, 11 May (accessed 02.10.2013).